Basic Learning Pathway: Biologics, Cartilage Repair and Healing Factors in Surgery

Learning Objectives of this Pathway:

  • Understand optimization for healing in patients prior to surgery
  • Recognize and understand the different options for bone grafting
  • Understand the Biology, Injury and Treatment options for Cartilage of the foot and ankle

Download a PDF of this learning pathway

Days 1-2:

Clinical Sessions:


Nutritional Optimization for the Surgical Patient

E-Book Chapters:
Orthobiologics For Foot and Ankle

  • Chapter 1: Introduction
  • Chapter 9: Recombinant Gene Therapy
  • Chapter 12-1: Effects of Mechanical Environments on Bone Healing: Section I. Distraction Osteogenesis
  • Chapter 12-2: Effects of Mechanical Environments on Bone Healing: Section II. Biologic Effects of Fixation

JFAS Articles:

Days 3-4:

Clinical Sessions:

New Research Joint Preservation/Cartilage Restoration

E-Book Chapters:

Orthobiologics for Foot and Ankle

  • Chapter 2: Autogenous Bone Grafting
  • Chapter 3: Bone Marrow Aspirate
  • Chapter 10: Mesenchymal Stem Cell Grafts
  • Chapter 11: Treatment of Osteochondral Defects of the Talus with Cartilage Grafts

JFAS Articles:


Days 5-6:

Clinical Sessions:
PRP, Stem Cells, Hyaluronic Acid-The Quick Facts and Fiction

Effect of Early Rehabilitation and Weight Bearing on Tendon and Bone Healing

E-Book Chapters:
Orthobiologics For Foot and Ankle:


  • Chapter 4: Allograft Options
  • Chapter 5: Xenograft
  • Chapter 6: Demineralized Bone Matrix
  • Chapter 7-1: Synthetic Graft Extenders: Section I. Nonstructural Calcium Grafts and Bioactive Glass
  • Chapter 7-2: Synthetic Graft Extenders: Section II. Structural Cements and Ceramic Grafts

JFAS Articles:







The ACFAS learning pathways are a tool to be used by residency directors, fellowship directors and school faculty to aid with didactic learning during the COVID-19 crisis. They are not intended to replace a curriculum, but to supplement student and resident education during this time of need. The learning pathways are divided into basic, intermediate, and advanced categories. Pathways have been organized into specific topics that have a variety of educational materials from the ACFAS On Demand course content. They also include journal articles with links primarily from the The Journal of Foot & Ankle Surgery (JFAS).